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Harry S. Truman
Date: 1884 - 1972
Remarks: Missouri farmer before involved in politics; Vice President under FDR 1944-1945, he became President when FDR died; President 1945-1953; captain in Field Artillery in World War I; elected judge of the Jackson County Court; elected Senator in 1934 and headed the Senate war investigating committee during World War II, checking into waste and corruption; as President: he ordered the dropping of two atomic bombbs on Japan which ended WWII; he witnessed the charter signing of the United Nations; he created the 'Fair Deal;' he created the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan to aid war-torn Europe and prevent the spread of Communism; he negotiated NATO; he started the Korean War.