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Sir Walter Raleigh
Date: 1552? - October 29, 1618
Remarks: A Favorite of Queen Elizabeth I; became Captain of the Guard and Governor of Jersey; Fought against the Spanish Armada; Explored America and sponsored the failed colony of Roanoke; explored South America; sent to the Tower of London twice, the second time as a life imprisonment for conspiracy against James I; wrote "The History of the World" while in the Tower; released then re-arrested and beheaded; Also a renowned poet