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James Peale
Date: 1749 - 1831
Remarks: Miniaturist, portrait, and still life painter. James was the younger brother of Charles Willson Peale, made a specialty of painting miniature portraits and was one of America's finest practitioners of that art. His career extended from the early 1770s, when he learned to paint from his brother, to about 1818 when his eyesight began to fail. He worked in Philadelphia which in 1798 was the seat of the federal government.