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National Biscuit Company
Date: founded 1898
Remarks: The National Biscuit Company, a precursor to today’s RJR Nabisco, was established in New York in 1898 as the result of a merger of several baking and biscuit companies. One of the firm’s first products was the Uneeda Biscuit, a packaged soda cracker. Within a few years after its launch, the firm introduced Saltines, Fig Newtons, and Oreos, all products that continue to be public favorites today. The firm’s brand name, Nabisco, was first used in 1901 in conjunction with the Uneeda Biscuit. The company’s bakeries were headquartered in New York City until 1958, when they were moved to a factory in New Jersey.