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Abraham Lincoln
Date: 1809 - 1865
Remarks: Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States, was born in Hardin (now Larue) County, Kentucky. His parents, Thomas and Nancy (Hanks) Lincoln, settled in Indiana in 1818; the family later moved to Illinois. After very little formal education, Lincoln studied law and was admitted to the Illinois bar. He served in tjr state legislature (1835-41) and then in the U.S. House of Representatives (1847-1849). Lincoln joined the newly-formed Republican party in 1856, and in the senatorial campaign of 1858 he made his famous debating tour with Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln lost the senatorial election, but he became the Republican nomination for president, and was elected in 1860. Within two months after his term began, the southern states began seceding from the Union and the Civil War began. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. On March 4, 1865, he was inaugurated for his second term as president, and one month later the war was over and the preservation of the Union was secured. Within a week, however, on April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theatre.