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James A. Garfield
Date: 1831 - 1881
Remarks: Before being elected president, James A. Garfield, who attended Williams College, served in the Ohio State Senate in 1859 and in Congress for eighteen years. Garfield won an important victory as President, ousting Senator Roscoe Conkling from the New York Customs House, proving himself "the Executive of the United States [instead of] registering clerk of the Senate". Garfield's presidency was short-lived however. In July of 1881, he was shot and despite doctors' efforts and a brief period of recovery, he died in September. -Source: