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Thomas Edison
Date: 1847–1931
Thomas Alva Edison
Remarks: With little more than three months of formal education, Thomas Alva Edison was one of the world's greatest inventors, holding more than 1,300 patents worldwide. He is responsible for the phonograph, carbon telephone transmitter, telegraph transmitter and receiver, and Kinetoscope, among other things. In 1881, Edison built "the first permanent central electric-light power plant in the world," on Pearl Street in New York City. Years after his death in 1931, some of his companies were combined to create the General Electric Company. -Source: