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Mrs. William Cutting (Gertrude Livingston, ca. 1776–1864)

Object Name: Portrait
Date: ca. 1886
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Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: Unframed: 45 3/4 × 35 in. (116.2 × 88.9 cm) Framed: 59 × 48 × 6 in. (149.9 × 121.9 × 15.2 cm) Sight: 45 × 34 in. (114.3 × 86.4 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Orazio J. and Diane E. Di Rocco of West Chester, PA
Object Number: 2006.27.1
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This portrait of Gertrude Livingston Cutting (ca. 1776-1864) was painted from a photograph by Raimundo de Madrazo Y Garreta, a successful portrait artist from Spain who lived and worked mostly in Paris, but also established a successful studio in New York on West 45th Street catering to the city's wealthy upper class after his arrival in 1897. Both in Paris and New York, he won commissions from a number of prominent New Yorkers including the Vanderbilts, Robert L. Stuart, and the Cuttings. He studied under his father, the Spanish artist Federico de Madrazo, who served as portrait painter to the Spanish Court. The Society owns three other paintings by Madrazo-two portraits and a view of a Moorish interior.

Gertrude Livingston Cutting was the second daughter of Walter Livingston (1740-1797) and Cornelia (Schuyler) Livingston. On July 6, 1798, she married William Cutting (1773-1820), third son of the Rev. Leonard Cutting (q.v.). He was a prominent lawyer with offices at 91 Water Street. The couple had nine children: William Leonard (1799-1826), Francis Brockholst (1804-1870), Henry Livingston (1806-1821), Charles Grenville (1808-1890), Julia Gertrude (1810-1834), Robert Livingston (q.v.), Anne Frances (later Baroness Ruebell of Paris through marriage to Baron Alfred Ruebell) (1813-1887), Fulton (1816-1875), and Walter Livingston (b. 1817) Cutting. Robert Fulton (q.v.) married Mrs. Cutting's younger sister Harriet in 1808. The cousin of Gertrude and Harriet, Robert R. Livingston (1746-1813) ventured to establish a nationwide steamboat empire through his alliance with Fulton, leading him to play a major role in the 19th century technological revolution (see Cynthia Owen Philip, "Robert R. Livingston: Enthusiastic Inventor, Prudent Entrepreneur" The Livingston Legacy, Bard College, 1987). During her lifetime, Mrs. Cutting became the possessor of entire Cutting estate. She died on Staten Island on July 5, 1864, the last surviving child of the late Walter Livingston, of Livingston Manor. Mrs. Cutting's portrait (posthumous, from a photograph) may have been painted at the same time as 1944.175, a portrait of her grandson Robert Livingston Cutting Jr.'s, which was painted by Madrazo in 1886.