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Object Name: Token
Date: 1863
Related People:
Medium: Copper
Dimensions: Overall: 3/4 in. ( 1.9 cm )
Place made: North America, United States
Description: Copper Civil War token; thirteen stars, Indian head in feather headress, "LIBERTY" across band, on obverse, "1863" at bottom; "EDWARD MIEHLING'S / MEAT MARKET" "85 / AVE. B. / N.Y." on reverse.
Object Number: INV.13855.70b
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Marks: "L. ROLOFF" on obverse

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During the Civil War, there were no metallic coins of any denomination in circulation. Tradesmen were thus forced to issue a medium that would save commerce. Many of these tokens depicted patriotic subjects. The irresponsible nature of these tokens forced Congress to pass an act in 1864, forbidding private individuals to issue any form of money.