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Object Name: Sword and scabbard
Date: 1817
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Medium: Steel, brass, leather, gilding; brass, gilding
Dimensions: Overall: 38 5/8 x 5 1/4 x 1 1/4 in. ( 98.1 x 13.3 x 3.2 cm )
Place made: North America, United States
Description: Presentation sword with straight, single-edged steel blade with full-length fuller and etched designs and inscriptions on obverse and reverse; gilded brass stirrup hilt with kidney-shaped counter-guard on obverse with inscription, "FORTUNA FAVET FORTIBUS," in relief inside border of gilded rosettes with cable molding around outer edge; almond-shaped panel with three-quarter length armor-clad figure in relief crosses middle of counter-guard on reverse; wide, strap-like knuckle-bow, also with cable-molded edges, and curved, ornately molded quillon with oval finial with mask-molded face; eagle's head pommel with backstrap incised with feather design extending to narrow, rosette-studded ferrule at base of white leather-covered grip; scrolled upper end of knuckle-bow fits into eagle's open beak; gilded brass scabbard with decorative oval mount with mask at center between two leaf-molded mounts, each with one carrying ring; lower half of scabbard engraved with three star-like motifs and scale pattern extending almost 9 inches above tip, which terminates in a rounded finial molded to resemble a scallop shell.
Credit Line: Gift of Alexander C. Chenoweth
Object Number: 1918.34ab
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Marks: etched: on back of blade: "Wm A Williams Fecit March 4 1817" in relief: on counter-guard: "FORTUNA / FAVET / FORTIBUS" etched: on obverse of blade: "PRESENTED by the CORPORATION of ALEXANDRIA / To Lieut. J. T. NEWTON, of the U.S. NAVY."

Gallery Label:

This sword was presented to U.S.N. Lieut. John T. Newton by the city of Alexandria, VA in 1817 for gallantry in action at sea during War of 1812 engagement of Hornet with Brig Peacock on February 24, 1813.