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Sharps New Model 1863 Carbine

Object Name: Percussion carbine
Date: 1863-1865
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Medium: Wood, iron, steel
Dimensions: Overall: 39 3/8 in. ( 100 cm ) Part (barrel): 22 in. (55.9 cm)
Place made: North America, United States, Hartford
Description: Wood, iron, and steel percussion carbine; iron furniture; stamped marks at barrel, breech end of barrel, lock, left side of receiver, hammer, barrel tang, rear sight, left side of stock at wrist, sling ring bar, and behind trigger bow; incised letters on buttstock.
Credit Line: Gift of C.B. Colton
Object Number: 1873.22
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Marks: Stamped on breech end of barrel: "NEW MODEL 1863" and "E.A.W."; stamped on barrel: "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD, CONN."; stamped on receiver: "W" and "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848"; stamped on lock: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852" and "R.S. LAWRENCE PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859"; stamped on barrel tang: "C, 18305" ; stamped on rear sight: "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB 15TH 1859"; stamped on sling ring bar: "H.G.S"; stamped behind trigger bow: "G"; stamped on left wrist: "FWR" (twice, in foliate); stamped on receiver: "W"; underside of barrel: "X"; hammer: "W"; incised on right buttstock: "S......T"; top buttstock: "AR"

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Sharps carbines were the most widely used cavalry arm of the Civil War, and nearly all of the carbines made during the war saw service with Union or Confederate regiments.


"Black Citizenship in the Age of Jim Crow," New-York Historical Society, September 7–March 3, 2019.