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Model 1766 French Infantry Musket

Object Name: Musket
Date: 1766-1770
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Medium: Wood, iron, brass, flint
Dimensions: Overall (length): 58 1/2 in. (148.6 cm) Part (barrel length): 43 in. (109.2 cm)
Place made: Europe, France, Maubeuge
Description: Wood, iron, and brass flintlock musket; iron furniture; trumpet-head iron ramrod; stamped marks at center of lockplate, barrel tang, side plate, trigger guard, and breech end of barrel; defaced stamped mark at tail of lockplate; incised letter on right side of buttstock; brown musket flint.
Credit Line: Gift of Charles MacCauley
Object Number: 1922.137
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Marks: stamped: center of lockplate: "Mre de/Maubeuge" (foliate) stamped: top center of lockplate: "CS" (crown above mark) stamped: tail of lockplate: "US" (both letters have been scratched out, but this mark was usually stamped at the lockplate tails of French import muskets) stamped: side plate: "R 81" (the "R" is possibly an American inspector or sub-inspector mark) stamped: barrel tang: "R" (probably American inspector or sub-inspector mark) stamped: breech end of barrel: "0" stamped: trigger guard: "R" (probably American inspector or sub-inspector mark) stamped: trigger guard: "H" (possibly American inspector or sub-inspector mark) incised: right buttstock: "A" painted: underside of forestock: "1922.137"

Gallery Label:

Beginning in 1776, many French infantry muskets were imported into the colonies under contract to both the Continental Congress and state Committees of Safety. By the end of the Revolutionary War, the Models 1763 and 1766 muskets had replaced the British Brown Bess as the standard American infantry arm, and later provided models for the first official muskets produced at the national armories after independence.