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Henry Cruger (1739–1827)

Object Name: Portrait
Date: ca. 1775-1790
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Medium: Oil on linen
Dimensions: Overall: 30 1/16 x 25 in. ( 76.4 x 63.5 cm ) Framed: 38 1/4 × 33 1/4 × 3 3/4 in. (97.2 × 84.5 × 9.5 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. T. Oakley Rhinelander
Object Number: 1976.68
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Inscribed: Inscribed on verso of canvas: "From H. Cruger Oakley to his sister / M. O. Rhinelander - Afterwards to her son / T. J. Oakley Rhinelander"

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The subject was born in New York City, the son of Henry and Elizabeth (Harris) Cruger. His grandfather, John Cruger (1677-1744), was the first of the family to come to America, and served as mayor of New York (1739-1744). In 1757 Henry was sent by his father to the countinghouse in Bristol, England, then a rival of London in the American trade. After serving as mayor of Bristol and as a member of Parliament, he returned to New York around 1790. He was elected to the state senate in 1792.


"Stories in Sterling: Four Centuries of Silver in New York," New-York Historical Society, May 4–September 23, 2012.