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Object Name: Brassard
Date: ca. 1915
Related People:
Medium: Linen, wool, metal
Dimensions: Overall: 10 1/4 × 17 1/2 × 1/4 in. (26 × 44.5 × 0.6 cm)
Place made: Europe, France, Nice
Description: White cotton World War I Red Cross brassard (armband), with red felt cross at the center, strap tab at one side, metal buckle with center chape and 2 tongues at opposite end.
Credit Line: Gift of Adelaide Milton de Groot
Object Number: 1942.207
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Marks: stamped: in ink, right side of cross: "HOSPITAL AMERICAN / BENEVOLE / No 147 BIS / NICE"

Gallery Label:

This nurse's brassard was worn by Adelaide Milton de Groot (1876-1967), in France during World War I. Born in New York City, she spent her youth in Nice, France, and lived the first 40 years of her life abroad. She secured her armband while working as a nurse at the American Red Cross Hospital. Wintering Americans and expatriates in the Riviera resort town mobilized to assist the French injured in the war. They fully staffed and supported the
hospital, which opened in 1915.

De Groot studied art in Paris, and around 1920 began to collect the works of 19th and 20th century painters. She was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Huguenot Society. She gave a sizable collection of portraits of her family to the Society in the 1940s.


"Textiles: World War I Relief," New-York Historical Society, September 12, 2017-January 8, 2018.