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Object Name: Jug
Date: 1825-1875
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Medium: Stoneware, cobalt oxide, cork
Dimensions: Overall: 11 1/2 x 6 3/4 in. ( 29.2 x 17.1 cm )
Place made: North America, United States, New York
Description: Salt-glazed stoneware jug with cork and impressed retailer's mark, colored with cobalt blue.
Credit Line: Purchased from Elie Nadelman
Object Number: 1937.799
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Marks: impressed: on front: "JOHN. MATTHEWS / APPARATUS CO / 1ST AVE 26TH & 27TH STS / NEW YORK"

Gallery Label:

This object was once part of the folk art collection of Elie Nadelman (1882-1946), the avant-garde sculptor. From 1924 to 1934, Nadelman's collection was displayed in his Museum of Folk Arts, located in the Riverdale section of the Bronx. The Historical Society purchased Nadelman's entire collection in 1937.

John Mathews has been called the "Father of American Soda Water." Carbonated beverages were not successful until 1832, when John Mathews invented an "apparatus for charging water with carbon dioxide gas." John Mathews immigrated to the United States in 1832 from England where he had been instrumental to the soda water trade for several years. John Mathews had learned the basics about making carbonic acid gas and building carbonating machinery from Joseph Bramah. After Mathews immigrated to New York, he began supplying carbonated water to establishments of the area. At that time soda water was served cold and unflavored. Under his influence, the American soda industry grew.


The Folk Art Collection of Elie Nadelman