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Object Name: Appliquéd quilt square
Date: ca. 1873
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Medium: Cotton, ink and pencil
Dimensions: Overall: 8 3/4 x 8 5/8 x 1/8 in. ( 22.2 x 21.9 x 0.3 cm )
Place made: North America, United States
Description: White cotton plain-weave quilt square centering an appliqéd maltese cross applied by running machine-stitching in white cotton thread; cross of copper and brown madder-dyed star printed calico; "Mrs. M. Quigley" inscribed by hand on obverse and "Quigley" signed in pencil on the reverse.
Object Number: INV.11961b
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Marks: handwritten in ink: on obverse: "Mrs M Quigley" handwritten in pencil: on reverse: "Quigley"

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The appliquéd maltese cross design was probably cut from a pattern before being applied to the square, as was often done by quilt makers when creating friendship, album or signature quilts or quilt squares. Popular in the mid-nineteenth century, these quilts were usually given to an individual to commemorate a birth, marriage or move away from the local area. Squares were often given as keepsakes to ladies of a community or church congregation who were moving west. Relates to INV.11961a.