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Figural pipe

Object Name: Pipe
Date: 1865-1917
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Medium: Earthenware, enamel
Dimensions: Overall: 1 7/8 x 5 3/4 in. ( 4.8 x 14.6 cm )
Place made: Europe, France, Givet
Description: White earthenware pipe with bowl molded in shape of woman's head and decorated with blue, pink, black, and white enamel; straight, tapered stem has flowers in relief near bowl.
Credit Line: Purchased from Elie Nadelman, 1937
Object Number: INV.8550
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Marks: Impressed on stem: "Gambier / a Paris / M * M / Deposé"; carved in low relief on stem: "1281"

Gallery Label:

This object was once part of the folk art collection of Elie Nadelman (1882-1946), the avant-garde sculptor. From 1924 to 1934, Nadelman's collection was displayed in his Museum of Folk Arts, located in the Riverdale section of the Bronx. The Historical Society purchased Nadelman's entire collection in 1937.

The tobacco pipe originated in America and was introduced to Europe in the sixteenth century. This clay pipe is typical of the lively caricatures that drove the popularity of French figural pipes during the second half of the nineteenth century. The bowl of the pipe parodies the large, elaborate hairstyles of women during the Second Empire.

Provenance:

Purchased from an unspecified source, Paris, 1926; The Folk Art Collection of Elie and Viola Nadelman, Riverdale, NYThe Folk Art Collection of Elie and Viola Nadelman, Riverdale, NY

Exhibitions:

"Making It Modern: The Folk Art Collection of Elie and Viola Nadelman," Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, NM, September 6–November 29, 2015; New-York Historical Society, May 20–August 21, 2016; Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA, September 17–December 31, 2016.