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1640 Paul Kruger

Object Name: Pipe
Date: 1900-1910
Related People:
Medium: Earthenware
Dimensions: Overall: 1 7/8 x 5 1/2 x 1 3/8 in. ( 4.8 x 14 x 3.5 cm )
(not assigned):
Place made: Europe, France, Givet
Description: White ceramic pipe with bowl molded to look like the head of a bearded man; eyes, eyebrows, and lips painted with enamel; straight, tapering stem.
Credit Line: Purchased from Elie Nadelman, 1937
Object Number: INV.8490
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Marks: carved: in low relief on stem: " PAUL KRUEGER 1640"; "GAMBIER A PARIS"; "_______ORAGT"; "MAACHT"; "M.G."

Gallery Label:

This object was once part of the folk art collection of Elie Nadelman (1882-1946), the avant-garde sculptor. From 1924 to 1934, Nadelman's collection was displayed in his Museum of Folk Arts, located in the Riverdale section of the Bronx. The Historical Society purchased Nadelman's entire collection in 1937.

The tobacco pipe originated in America and was introduced to Europe in the sixteenth century. This clay pipe is typical of the lively caricatures that drove the popularity of French figural pipes during the second half of the nineteenth century.


Unspecified source, Paris, 1926; The Folk Art Collection of Elie and Viola Nadelman, Riverdale, NY