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Stephen Burroughs (1795–1840)

Object Name: Death mask or life mask
Date: mid-19th century
Related People:
Medium: Painted plaster
Dimensions: Overall: 10 3/4 x 6 1/4 x 9 in. ( 27.3 x 15.9 x 22.9 cm )
Credit Line: Purchase
Object Number: 1946.366
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Marks: Paper label under chin: "Burrough head 22-87, STEPHEN BURROUGHS / American Adventurer"

Gallery Label:

This cast was part of the Phrenological Museum of Fowler & Wells, which opened in New York City in 1842. Brothers Orson Squire Fowler (1809-1887) and Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811-1896) and their business associate Samuel Roberts Wells (1820-1875) were noted phrenologists who read heads to understand the subject's "temperament." Their Phrenological Cabinet displaying casts, skulls, and charts became a popular fixture in the city.


The Fowler Mask Collection; Furniture and Decorations, Kende Galleries at Gimbel Brothers, New York, September 20-21, 1946; purchased by New-York Historical Society, 1946.