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Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), Havell plate no. 12
Date: c. 1822-25
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Medium: Watercolor, pastel, black ink, graphite, gouache, and red lead pigment [converted to gray] with touches of glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: Mat: 35 x 27 in. (88.9 x 68.6 cm) Sheet: 23 11/16 × 18 11/16 in. (60.2 × 47.5 cm)
Place made: North America, U.S.A.
Description: Female, left; males, right
Credit Line: Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Object Number: 1863.17.12
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Marks: Watermark: JWHATMAN / 18[?] [reversed]
Inscribed: Inscribed at upper right corner in graphite, inverted: "12"

Gallery Label:

The background flora has been identified as the Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipfera).

Exhibitions:

"John James Audubon's Birds of North America: The Original Watercolors," New-York Historical Society, April 8- September 14, 1985.

"The Birds of Central Park: Audubon's Watercolors," New-York Historical Society, November 11, 2003-February 29, 2004.