Bachman's Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis), Havell plate no. 165; studies of birds' tails
Medium: Watercolor, graphite, black ink, and gouache with scratching out and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm) Sheet (paper): 21 1/16 × 13 3/4 in. (53.5 × 34.9 cm)
Place made: North America, U.S.A.
Credit Line: Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
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Object Number: 1863.17.165
Marks: Watermark: JWHATMAN / 1830
Inscribed: Inscribed at lower left in graphite below tail studies: "12 / F. / Tail / superiorly -- / Tail seen inferiorly / 3d Primary length --"; below[erased]: "...16th 1834..."; at lower center[erased]: "Bachman's Sparrow / Fringilla Bachmani"; erased inscriptions in lower register
The background flora has been identified as Fever tree (Pinckneya pubens), now a rare plant.
"John James Audubon's Birds of North America: The Original Watercolors," New-York Historical Society, April 8- September 14, 1985.