Object Name: Draft wheel
Date: ca. 1863
Medium: Wood, metal
Dimensions: Overall: 23 x 25 1/2 x 21 3/4 in. ( 58.4 x 64.8 x 55.2 cm )
Place made: North America, U.S.A., New York
Description: Civil War draft wheel; cylindrical drum with a rectangular, lockable hatch and an iron and wood handle, set on trestle frame with bracket feet and a turned stretcher; brass plaque on side. [3,606 registration cards with names of draft-eligible men, originally found in the drum, are held by the N-YHS Library].
Credit Line: Gift of Frederic C. Wagner
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Object Number: 1865.6
Marks: Plaque (engraved): DRAFT WHEEL/ USED JULY 13, 1863/ WITH NAMES OF RESIDENTS IN THE/ 7TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT N.Y. CITY/ COMPRISING THE 11TH AND 17TH WARDS/ PRESENTED BY FREDERIC C. WAGNER/ CAPTAIN AND PROVOST MARSHALL/ JUNE 20TH 1865 Description: Brass plaque on side, with inscription.
This drum-shaped wheel was used in the draft lottery for the Civil War held on July 13, 1863 in the 7th Congressional District, comprising the 11th and 17th Wards of New York City (the East Side below 14th Street and above Rivington Street). The draft lottery, part of the nation's first conscription act, touched off the worst urban riots in American history.
Holzer, Harold, ed. "Lincoln and New York." New York: The New-York Historical Society and London: Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd., 2009.
Holzer, Harold and The New-York Historical Society. "The Civil War in 50 Objects." New York: Viking, 2013.
"New York Divided: Slavery and the Civil War," New-York Historical Society, November 17, 2006-September 3, 2007.
"Lincoln and New York," New-York Historical Society, September 15, 2009-March 25, 2010.