Object Name: Jug
Date: ca. 1600-1750
Dimensions: Overall: 6 1/4 x 4 3/4 in. ( 15.9 x 12.1 cm )
Place made: Europe, Germany
Description: Wheelthrown bulbous grey stoneware jug with modeled and incised mask of bearded man on bottle neck under banded border opposite handle and raised floral medallion impressions (3), under a caramel-colored salt glaze.
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Object Number: INV.6509
Bellamarines, greybeards, or bartmann krug as they are called in Germany where they were first made in the 16th century continued to be produced there until late in the 19th century. They were exported early on to England where it was believed that they represented Cardinal Bellarmino (1542-1621), a leader of the Counter-Reformation. They were sometimes called D'Alva bottles after the Spanish duke.
Krohn, Deborah, Peter Miller, and Marybeth De Filippis, eds., "Dutch New York Between East and West: The World of Margrieta van Varick." New York: Bard Graduate Center, New-York Historical Society, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009, p. 302
"Dutch New York Between East and West: The World of Margarita van Varick," Bard Graduate Center, New York, NY, September 18, 2009-January 24, 2010.