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Dred Scott (ca. 1795–1858)

Object Name: Portrait
Date: After 1857
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Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: Overall: 28 x 25 in. ( 71.1 x 63.5 cm ) Framed: 33 × 30 in. (83.8 × 76.2 cm)
Credit Line: New-York Historical Society
Object Number: X.174
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Born of slave parents in Southampton County, Va., the subject entered the pages of American history as the key figure in the famed Dred Scott case of 1857, which determined that Scott, who had once resided in free territory, was not entitled to his freedom in the slave state of Missouri. This portrait was copied from a daguerreotype made of Scott and his family in St. Louis in early 1857, or from a woodcut based on it that was published in "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper" and elsewhere.


"The Works: Salon Style at the New-York Historical Society," New-York Historical Society, June 20, 2014–February 8, 2015.

"Black Citizenship in the Age of Jim Crow," New-York Historical Society, September 7–March 3, 2019.